Why Do I Keep Getting Sinus Infections
Why Do I Keep Getting Sinus Infections
To understand this let’s study first what exactly is sinus infection, and then we’ll understand better why do you keep getting sinus infection, remember if you don’t kill the bacteria you’ll keep getting sinusitis.
The blocked nose is a symptom rather common and annoying but fortunately short-lived. When lasts long liquid with a simple cold could be too simplistic. It may be that the germs responsible for this disorder is andiron paranasal sinuses and flammable.
The infection of these structures is very difficult to combat and tends to become chronic causing recurrent episodes of fever, headache, nasal obstruction and secretion. And ‘This is the typical picture of sinusitis, a disease spread and rather annoying. It is estimated that in industrialized countries a proportion of the population between 3 and 10% is affected by chronic sinusitis.
In recent years, with the advent of modern diagnostic techniques, the concept of sinusitis has been revolutionized. Today you prefer to speak of rhino-sinusitis, that is an inflammatory process that involves simultaneously both the nose (rhinitis) or one or more of the eight cavities or paranasal sinuses (sinusitis).
The sinuses are four pairs of small cavities filled with air that are part of the skull that communicate with the nose through an opening called the osmium. Their functions are manifold: they are essential for the functionality and protection of the respiratory system, increase the perception of odors, lighten the skull and regulate the tone of voice.
The pressure within these small cells must be equal to the outside. If this communication between external and internal stops, for example, the accumulation of mucus, breathing becomes difficult and could appear the symptoms of rhino-sinusitis.
This condition is often caused by viruses and sometimes by bacteria or fungi. Although most colds resolve within a few days sometimes banal this disorder may develop into sinusitis (0.5 -2% of cases). The germs may in fact inflame the sinuses by increasing the production of mucus blocking the air flow. It thus enters into a vicious circle where the overproduction of mucus by the membrane covering the breasts keeps clogging the orifices.
The sinuses are in fact papered by a mucous membrane in the presence of sinusitis in turn secretes a viscous liquid that, in addition to hinder breathing, compresses the pain receptors in the mucosa itself.
CLASSIFICATION AND CAUSES
There are two main types of sinusitis, acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis. In the first case, the classic symptoms of the disease such as nasal discharge (mucus or pus leaking from the nose), fever and headache occur overwhelmingly but resolve within a few days (one to three weeks after the onset of symptoms).
Sinusitis are chronic inflammatory conditions that, for example related to environmental conditions or allergic to a problem, give rise to infectious forms that cause recurrent headaches, fever and nasal obstruction.
Wanting to be picky for chronic sinusitis are episodes lasting more than 4-5 weeks, and sinusitis are characterized by recurrent episodes that recur frequently (at least three times a year).
There are also sinusitis of odontogenic origin characterized by unilateral symptoms, are usually caused by problems (abscess) of one of upper molars, the root of which, being anchored in the maxillary sinus can cause infection.
Sinusitis can be caused or favored by many other factors such as: occupational exposure to irritants, chronic use of drugs, bronchial asthma, nasal septum deviation, facial trauma, polyps, hormonal changes and allergies.
Typical symptoms of sinusitis are:
obstruction, nasal discharge yellow or green (for the presence of pus)
sensation of facial pressure
inability to perceive odors (anosmia)
Generally, nasal secretions tend to go more toward the throat into the nostrils where the leakage is less
When nose breathing are affected not only the bad sinuses, but also the Eustachian tube, a tube that connects the nose with the middle ear. This explains the symptoms of plugged ears that occurs most often in connection with the attack of sinusitis.
In recent years the diagnosis of sinusitis has been a strong modernization. The visit of the nose is now performed with endoscopic techniques, old mirrors, have now been abandoned after having been insufficient and unreliable.
A diagnosis of sinusitis is made considering the common clinical signs that are suspect inflammation of the sinuses. For a definitive diagnosis is also used for instrumental tests, from x-ray, but it is one hundred percent reliable only in inflammatory frontal and maxillary sinuses, the ACT in the most doubts. Although nasal endoscopy with optical fibers allows to confirm the diagnosis, as well as highlight any internal factors predisposing to sinusitis.
A nasal endoscopy is an examination absolutely comfortable that you can run without local anesthetic. Optical fibers are very thin, the order of 2 to 2.5 mm, causing only slight discomfort. For this reason they are also commonly used in the diagnosis of pediatric sinusitis.
When several days after a cold stubborn and does not tend to improve the symptoms described above is accompanied by good medical attention. Neglecting sinusitis may in fact lead to potentially serious complications such as infection extending to the orbits and the inner cavities of the skull (meningitis).
Although in many cases (70-80%), acute sinusitis heals spontaneously without the use of antibiotics, it is advisable to consult a doctor who may, for example, advise the use of decongestants and nasal wash called: saline solutions capable of removing secretions, promote healing and prevent complications.
If sinusitis lasts longer than two or three weeks of therapy includes taking medication to relieve congestion associated with antibiotics and steroids. This will first try to control the infection and the other to restore the potency of the nasal and paranasal sinuses.
Antibiotics have in fact designed to neutralize bacterial sinusitis. Occasionally, however, that the drug prescribed will be ineffective against the organism that is actually causing the disease. In these cases an analysis of mucus taken from the sinus to help identify the pathogenic strain and the most appropriate antibiotic.
In sinusitis of allergic origin are often used antihistamines.
Chronic sinusitis in addition to medical treatment are recommended courses of spa treatments. To apply warm compresses on your face instead help to alleviate facial pain. Smoking, of course, should be abolished.
Finally, remember that in the presence of sinusitis decongested drugs (vasoconstrictors acting on the nasal mucosa and paranasal reducing inflammation and decreasing the leakage of fluid and mucus) should not be used for too long (usually no more than 7 days) or high doses to avoid having the opposite effect than expected.
To restore the orifices of the sinuses, correct any anatomical abnormalities and facilitate the resolution of sinusitis in severe cases. Endoscopic surgery is used or “minimally invasive”. An innovative technique, even less invasive but which lacks long-term efficacy studies, provided for an opening of the sinuses by inserting and inflating small balloons in blocked cavity.
To prevent sinusitis is important to reduce the risk of infections of the upper airway so that, for example, contacts with people with colds and applying basic rules of hygiene (washing hands frequently with soap and water especially in conjunction meals). It ‘also important to eliminate smoking and alcohol, frequently aerate the environment while keeping the right temperature and humidity.
In case of chronic sinusitis, the first symptoms of a cold is important to drink plenty of fluids to help dilute the nasal secretions and drug use decongested.